Erbaluce is a DOCG (Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin) wine. This means that it can only be produced in the provinces of Turin, Biella and Vercelli. The epicenter of its production is Caluso, heart of the Canavese area, province of Turin. The DOCG label was established with the Decree of 8 October 2010, published in the Official Gazette no. 248 of 22 October 2010.
The Erbaluce variety is thus geographically more limited than many other varieties found in different areas of the country and elsewhere. This makes Erbaluce wines unique products for an absolutely special market space.
Early records of the Erbaluce grape date back to 1606, when it is mentioned in a book by duke Carlo Emanuele I’s jeweler, Giovanni Battista Croce. He writes: “Erbalus is a white grape called dawn light because it gleams in its whiteness. Its seeds are round, hard and many. Its skin is thick, turning golden and colorful when ripe and remains long attached to its plant.“
This quote is interesting not only for its detail, ut because it offers an explanation as to the origin of the grape’s name. Croce refers to it as “Alba Luce” (dawn light/light dawn), later corrupting “alba” (dawn) into “erba” (herb).
The name “Alba Luce” dates back to Roman times and, therefore, to the Latin “Alba Lux”. The reason stated by Croce being the chromatic characteristic of the grapes, able to acquire a decisively pinkish-copper hue when ripe.
Acidity and good sugar content make Erbaluce an excellent grape for the production of sweet wines.